Nearly everyone who has spent any time in a hospital probably has a pretty good idea that cleanliness is of the utmost importance. Some visitors might even be hard-pressed to travel more than a few feet in a California hospital without encountering a hand-sanitizing station. However, in situations where a sterile environment is required, it is possible that a defective medical device may not have been getting the job done.
A defective product is not always one that malfunctions, but may simply be dangerous due to a manufacturer's lack of instructions or warnings. This is apparently what happened with a surgical tool manufactured by Greatbatch Medical Orthopedic. The initial instructions that accompanied the tool required that it be sterilized by steam. A later review found that this was inadequate.